By priscillalee | November 27, 2014 | 0 Comment
According to U.S. Department of education, Specific Learning Disability means a disorder in basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations.
Some learning disorders include: dyslexia, aphasia, brain injury, brain dysfunction, dyscalculia, dysgraphia, dyspraxia.
Learning disorders are official clinical diagnosis determined by professionals (pediatrician or psychologist). Although there are no conclusive causes for learning disorders, it was attributed to Central Nervous System Dysfunction. Learning disabilities may occur with other disabilities (e.g., sensory impairment, mental retardation, serious emotional disturbance) or with extrinsic influences (such as cultural differences, insufficient or inappropriate instruction), they are not the result of those conditions or influences.
With increased public awareness, intervention programmes, government policies to reflect the rise in demands for services for such children, students are given more support in schools and at home more so than ever. As with many illnesses and mental disorders, learning disorders have better prognosis (better at coping or compensating for the disability) if treatment are given as soon as the child is diagnosed.
U.S. Department of Education. (2006). Assistance to States for the education of children with disabilities and preschool grants for children with disabilities; Final rule. Retrieved on May 26, 2011 from http://idea.ed.gov/download/finalregulations.pdf
National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities, 1990